Daily Brief: 2016.12.09
US mumps cases reach 10-year high
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the United States is being hit with the most mumps cases in a decade. As of November 5, 2,879 cases have been documented in 45 states and the District of Columbia. Before this year, the largest number of yearly mumps cases was tallied in 2006, when outbreaks in multiple states affected more than 6,500 people.
(Source: CNN, Q13 Fox)
Mumps is a contagious virus transmitted through contact with an infected person's respiratory droplets or saliva. The most common symptoms are fever, headache and muscle aches that precede the swelling of the salivary glands. In children, mumps is usually a mild illness, but adults can sometimes suffer serious complications. Mumps can be difficult to contain because it features a long incubation period of 12 to 25 days and about a third of cases never develop symptoms.
(Sources: CDC, Mayo Clinic)
Indiana is one of six states to report more than 100 cases this year. The other states include Arkansas, Iowa, Illinois, Massachusetts and Oklahoma. A large portion of these cases were attributed to university outbreak. The two largest outbreaks were from Iowa and Illinois, each involving several hundred university students.
- Encourage all patients who have not done so to receive a mumps vaccination, most commonly administered as part of the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine.
- Understand the potential complications of mumps for adults, such as inflammation of the testicles, ovaries and breasts, and increased risk of miscarriage in women in the first trimester of pregnancy.
- Review protocol for treating mumps, including recommendation of five days of isolation after a patient's glands begin to swell. (Source: CDC, Immunization Action Coalition)